What is psychological egoism, and how does it differ from ethical egoism? What do you think is the best argument in favor of the theory? Do you think the theory. Psychological Egoism is the thesis that we always act from selfish motives. It holds that all don’t you see?” Taken from Feinberg, ‘Psychological Egoism’. Moral Motivation and Human Nature. Psychological Egoism*. JOEL FEINBERG. A. THE THEORY. 1. “PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM” is the name given to a theory.

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Psychological Egoism is the position that the ultimate motive of all actions is selfish.

It is equally possible that none of our actions are selfish, even the ones that look most selfish. He also analyzes with great subtlety and skill concepts such as “harm,” “offense,” “wrong,” “autonomy,” “responsibility,” “paternalism,” “coercion,” and “exploitation.

Can you help me clarify?

The third argument for the thesis [near total self-deception] is unlikely: So I’m missing something or I’m misunderstanding the force of the conclusion. Posted by Jesse Steinberg at March 14, at 9: Joel Feinberg presents a multitude of arguments against psychological egoistic hedonism.

It is not the genesis of an action or the origin of its motives which makes it a ‘selfish’ one, but rather the ‘purpose’ of the act or the objective of its motives; not where the motive comes from in voluntary actions it always comes from the agent but what it aims at determines whether or not it is selfish. Languages Deutsch Edit links. Assuming that the purpose for all of our actions is pleasure just because pleasure usually accompanies the satisfaction of our desires is like arguing that since steamships burn coal every time they cross the Atlantic that the purpose of their journey is to burn coal.


Blackwell Publishers,p. Is your point that there a variety of ‘happinesses’ which are entwined in an experience such that they can’t come apart, e.

Psychological Egoism By Joel Feinberg

Consider the following point by J. Feinberg contends that the logical statements can never entail contingent ones though he may unhelpfully mix up distinctions of logic and of meaning here. What sorts of conduct may the state rightly make criminal? The thought experiment is designed to test the limits of our tolerance for harmless but deeply offensive forms of behavior. Feinberg clarifies psychological egoism and maintains that there are several things wrong with this theory.

We also often sacrifice our own interests out of spite. Alexander Moseley – – Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Though Feinberg, who had read and re-read Mill’s classic text many times, [5] shares Mill’s liberal leanings, he thinks that liberals can and should admit that certain kinds of non-harmful but profoundly offensive conduct can also properly be prohibited by law.

What Truth is There in Psychological Egoism? John Stuart Millin his classic On Libertyhad given a staunchly “liberal” answer to this question.

Every action of mine is my action, springing from thoughts and motives that are mine, so every action is at base, selfish. Sign in Create an ;sychological. In the process, he defends what many would view as characteristically “liberal” positions on topics such as suicide, obscenity, pornography, hate speech, and euthanasia.


Namely, nothing follows from a tautology.

Psychological Egoism By Joel Feinberg – ppt download

If they were really selfish, they would have no cause to feel pleasure at helping others. Can you achieve happiness by only acting out of a desire for happiness? Synthetic statements —their truth or falsity is derived not from meaning but, rather, from facts. Others involve acts that are deeply disgusting or revolting e. This indicates that argument d. I think the paradox is a successful refutation of psychological egoistic hedonism, and I hope my analogies illuminate how the paradox is cashed out in everyday examples.

Joshua May – – European Journal of Philosophy 19 1: Well, this is rather puzzling. Still others involve affronts to our religious, moral, or patriotic sensibilities e. The only way for her to win is to relax and enjoy the game, win or lose.

Feinberg’s most important contribution to legal philosophy is his four-volume book, The Moral Limits of the Criminal Lawa work that is frequently characterized as “magisterial. Request removal from index. Auth with social network: Bruce Russell – – Philosophical Studies 42 1: His major four-volume work, The Moral Limits of the Criminal Lawwas published between and