grammaticalization, and the book under review is a welcome addition to the steadily In their book, Hopper & Traugott define grammaticalization as ‘the pro-. Traugott ; Hopper & Traugott []), is a basic type of change that may lead to Claims about “constructions” and grammaticalization in earlier work. Grammaticalization: Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, second ed., [], xx +.

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Moreover, the documenting of changes can help to reveal the lines along which a language is likely to develop in the future.

Newmeyer Limited preview – The following will be a non-exhaustive list of authors who have written about the subject with their individual approaches to the nature of the term ‘grammaticalization’.

This particular cline is called “the cline of grammaticality” [19] or the “cycle of categorial downgrading”, [20] and it is a common one.

Synopsis of Hopper & Traugott Chap. 2

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Grmamaticalization plays an important role in the reconstruction of older states of a language. Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure 45, 27 These shifts generally follow similar patterns in different languages. Another example of grammaticalization occurs in American English with surewhere it is used in routine phrases and as a response.

Grammaticalization – Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott – Google Books

Semantic bleaching, or desemanticization, has been seen from early on as a characteristic of grammaticalization. Applied cognitive linguistics I: It also features in many collocations, such as sure dosure can and sure is.


Later studies in the field have hoppee developed and altered Meillet’s ideas and have introduced many other examples of grammaticalization. During the second half of the twentieth century, the study of grammatical change over time became somewhat unfashionable [ attribution needed ]in contrast to structuralist ideas of language change in which grammaticalization did not play a role.

Some recent trends in grammaticalization PJ Hopper Annual review of anthropology 25 1, A number of semantic, syntactic and phonologicalprocesses interact in the grammaticalization of grammmaticalization and of whole constructions. An example is the phrase to up the ante, which incorporates the preposition up a function word in a verb a content word but without up becoming a verb outside of this lexical item.

Account Options Sign in. Representing the culmination of two decades of the author’s research and thought, it explores the contribution of semantics to The system can’t perform the operation now. Retrieved from ” https: It was not until the s, with the growth of interest in discourse analysis and linguistic universalsthat the interest for grammaticalization in linguistic studies began to grow again.


The last decade has seen a rise in popularity in construction-based approaches to grammar. The overlapping stages of grammaticalization form a chain, hrammaticalization called a cline. Some concepts are often grammaticalized, while others, such as evidentialitynot so much. Heine writes that “once a lexeme is conventionalized as a grammatical markerit tends to undergo erosion; that is, the phonological substance is likely to be reduced in some way and to become more dependent on surrounding phonetic material”.

Aspect between discourse and grammar: This “Cited by” count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. For an understanding of this process, a distinction needs to be made between lexical itemsor content words, which carry specific lexical meaning, and grammatical items, or function words, with little or no lexical meaning, which serve to express grammatical relationships between the different words in an utterance.

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In Grammaticalization Hopper and Traugott state that the cline of grammaticalization has both diachronic and synchronic implications. The second edition has been thoroughly revised with substantial updates on theoretical and methodological issues that have arisen in the decade since the first edition, and includes a significantly expanded bibliography.

Some linguists trace erosion to traugtt speaker’s tendency to follow the principle of least effort, while others think that erosion is a sign of changes taking place. Janda, for example, grammqticalization that “given that even writers on grammaticalization themselves freely acknowledge the involvement of several distinct processes in the larger set of phenomena, it is hard to avoid the conclusion that the notion of grammaticalization, too, tends to represent an epiphenomenal telescoping.

It did however, mostly in Indo-European studiesremain an instrument for explaining language change. In comparison to various instances of grammaticalization, there are relatively few counterexamples to the unidirectionality hypothesis, and they often seem to require special circumstances to occur.

Humboldt, for instance, came up with the idea of grammatlcalization language. Grammatical constructions and their discourse origins: