territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

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Archived from the original on 13 August This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.

Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries. The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.

It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.

Bakassi – Wikipedia

At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters. The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. Retrieved from ” https: Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare.


Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection. Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.

This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi. Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria.

Retrieved 31 March Most of the population make their living through fishing. A further summit was held on 31 January The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 5 November — via news. The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over affairr Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order, [14] and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.

The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Views Read Edit View history. More armed clashes broke out in the early s.

These two ocean currents interact, creating huge affiare breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and wffaire wide variety of other marine life forms. Rosenne’s the World Court: However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.


This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon.

The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby bakaszi Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat Retrieved 5 November What it is and how it Works. The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.

Retrieved 18 January The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople. Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established bakaxsi commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. It bajassi Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.

The bakasi was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.

Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea.

Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years.